Decreased Collagen and Elastin Production
Collagen and elastin are essential proteins that give skin its structure, elasticity, and firmness. With age, the body produces less of these proteins, leading to a breakdown in the skin’s underlying support structure. As collagen and elastin levels decline, the skin becomes less resilient, and the loss of its natural bounce contributes to the formation of fine lines and wrinkles. A major focus of treatments for fine lines and wrinkles is to restore lost collagen, typically by the stimulation of the body’s natural collagen production system. This can be done using both non- invasive or injectable techniques.
Reduced Skin Cell Turnover
The process of shedding old skin cells and generating new ones slows down as we age. This reduction in skin cell turnover results in a buildup of dead skin cells on the surface, causing the skin to appear dull and uneven. The accumulation of these cells in fine lines and creases can emphasise their appearance and make them more noticeable. Skin boosters help to stimulate a natural process of cell rejuvenation and growth, making it an attractive treatment for fine lines and wrinkles.
Dehydration and Moisture Loss
Aging skin tends to become less effective at retaining moisture. Properly hydrated skin looks plump and smooth, but as the skin loses moisture, it can appear thinner and more prone to wrinkling. Environmental factors like dry air, low humidity, and excessive sun exposure can further accelerate moisture loss and contribute to the development of fine lines. Although it is important to stay well-hydrated throughout the day, it is equally crucial to have hyaluronic acid (HA) in the skin to retain the moisture. Skin that is depleted of HA easily loses moisture. Treatments that replenish HA in the skin are helpful in maintaining proper skin hydration.
Repeated Facial Expressions
Over the years, the countless facial expressions we make contribute to the formation of dynamic wrinkles. The repeated contraction of facial muscles when we smile, frown, or squint can create creases in the skin. These creases become more pronounced over time and can develop into permanent lines and wrinkles, especially in areas where the skin is thinner. Treatments of over- active muscles with neurotoxins such as Botox addresses this problem safely and simply.
Sun Damage and Free Radicals
Exposure to ultraviolet (UV) rays from the sun leads to the production of free radicals within the skin. These unstable molecules can damage collagen and elastin fibres, accelerating their breakdown and contributing to the formation of fine lines and wrinkles. UV radiation also damages skin cells’ DNA, further compromising the skin’s ability to repair and regenerate. Protecting the skin from sun is logically a very important part of reducing the development of wrinkles.
Genetics and Hormonal Changes
Genetic factors play a role in how our skin ages, including the development of fine lines and wrinkles. Some individuals may be more predisposed to certain types of wrinkles based on their genetic makeup. Hormonal changes that occur with age, particularly in women during menopause, can also influence the skin’s structure and moisture balance, contributing to the formation of wrinkles. While this is not immediately reversible medically, the range of treatments offered at our clinic can mitigate the effects of nature and keep you looking your best.